What is the Ravens Matrices Test?
Raven’s Matrices is a nonverbal group test. It is usually a 60-item test used in measuring abstract reasoning and regarded as a non-verbal estimate of fluid intelligence. Many patterns are presented in the form of a 6×6, 4×4, 3×3, or 2×2 matrix, giving the test its name. All of the questions on the Raven’s progressives consist of visual geometric design with a missing piece. The test taker is given six to eight choices to pick from and fill in the missing piece.
Breakdown of Raven’s Matrices
The matrices are posed in three different forms for test-takers of different ability:
- Colored Progressive Matrices – Designed for younger children (ages 5 – 11), older people, and people with learning issues, these are presented with a colored background to make them more visually stimulating for participants. A few of the hardest items are in black and white. There are 36 items and this test takes 15 to 30 minutes to administer. This is the easiest of the Raven’s Progressive Matrices™.
- Standard Progressive Matrices – These are appropriate for children and teens ages 6 – 16. There are 5 sets of 12 items each (60 in total), with each item becoming progressively more difficult. These are black and white. Administration takes 40 – 45 minutes. These are more difficult than the Colored Progressive Matrices.
- Advanced Progressive Matrices – This set contains 48 items – a set of 12 and another set of 36. They are black and white and become increasingly harder as progress is made through the sets. These are for adults and teenagers of advanced intelligence. Administration takes 40 – 60 minutes. These are the most difficult of the Raven’s Progressive Matrices™.