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What is the WPPSI Test?

The WPPSI™-IV (Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence™, Fourth Edition) uses subtests to determine a child’s Verbal and Performance IQ scores as well as the Processing Speed Quotient for children aged 2 years, 6 months old to 7 years and 3 months old, and it also uses composite scores to assess a student’s general intellectual ability (otherwise known as the Full Scale IQ/Intelligence Quotient) and cognitive functioning based on their test performance as well as current age. The test typically takes less than an hour and is given one-on-one by a trained psychologist, the WPPSI™-IV is often required by private schools and some gifted and talented programs or schools as part of the application screening and admissions process; it is administered by the Education Records Bureau (ERB). The WPPSI™-IV can also be used to identify cognitive delays, learning disabilities and be combined with other tests to assess each child’s level of intellectual giftedness.

The WPPSI™-IV includes 14 different subtests in three specific types (Core, Supplemental or Optional). Children aged 2 years, 6 months to 3 years, 11 months are administered these 5 subtests:

  • Receptive Vocabulary
  • Block Design
  • Information
  • Object Assembly
  • Picture Naming

Children aged 4 years to 7 years, 7 months are administered the 5 subtests shown above as well as these additional subtests:

  • Vocabulary
  • Picture Concepts
  • Symbol Search
  • Word Reasoning
  • Coding
  • Comprehension
  • Picture Completion
  • Similarities
  • Matrix Reasoning