OLSAT (Otis-Lennon School Ability Test®)
What is the OLSAT?
The Otis-Lennon School Ability Test (OLSAT) is a multiple-choice K-12 assessment that measures reasoning skills with several different types of verbal, non-verbal, figural, and quantitative reasoning questions. It is designed to assess a child’s performance across a wide variety of reasoning skillsets. Schools commonly administer the OLSAT for admissions into gifted and talented programs.
What is on the OLSAT Test?
The OLSAT consists of 2 main verbal and nonverbal sections. The verbal sections contains verbal comprehension and verbal reasoning questions while the nonverbal section contains different types of pictorial reasoning, figural reasoning and quantitative reasoning questions. The verbal and nonverbal sections can also be administered in standalone fashion depending on what the school or district is looking for. For example, the New York City gifted program administers the verbal section of the OLSAT while relying on the NNAT for their nonverbal scores.
Prepare your child to answer all 21 types of OLSAT questions with confidence. TestingMom.com can help! We have thousands of practice questions to help your children build the knowledge and familiarity they need to ace the OLSAT.
Plus, we offer parent resources to help you navigate the testing process, access to 30+ games from top educational publishers, a Parent Success Team who’s standing by to help with your questions and more!
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What type of materials do you offer for the OLSAT?
We have printable and interactive questions and games for children in Pre-K – 8th grade.
If my child doesn’t know an answer, should she guess?
The official guideline from the publisher is that students should not guess if they do not know the answer – that random guessing compromises the validity of the scores. However, the OLSAT score is calculated based on the number of right answers and the student is not penalized for incorrect answers. As a parent looking for a high score, it is better for your child to answer all questions than leave an answer blank.
OLSAT Test Quick Facts
|Full Name||Otis-Lennon School Ability|
|Creators||Arthur Otis, Ph. D. and Roger Lennon, Ph. D.|
|Age Range||K – 12|
|Test Format||Online or paper-and-pencil, group administered|
|No. of Questions||40 (Kinder) / 60-72 (1st Grade and higher)|
|Amount of Time||60-75 minutes|
|Question Types||Verbal, Nonverbal, Figural, Quantitative|
Which level of the OLSAT will my child take?
Depending on the student’s grade placement, they will be assigned to a specific OLSAT test level. Kindergarten students are tested with Level A, first graders are tested with Level B, second graders are tested with Level C, third graders get Level D, fourth and fifth graders get level E, sixth to eighth grade take level F, and students from ninth through twelfth grade get Level G.
|Grade||OLSAT Test Level|
|Kindergarten||OLSAT Level A (40 Questions)|
|1st Grade||OLSAT Level B (60 Questions)|
|2nd Grade||OLSAT Level C (60 Questions)|
|3rd Grade||OLSAT Level D (64 Questions)|
|4th – 5th Grade||OLSAT Level E (72 Questions)|
|6th – 8th Grade||OLSAT Level F (72 Questions)|
|9th – 12th Grade||OLSAT Level G (72 Questions)|
Levels A, B, and C are read aloud to students. The level A test, the OLSAT test’s lowest level, is designed to assess school abilities of kindergartners. More specifically, it assesses areas that are not universally taught. For example, the OLSAT does not assess reading and math abilities. Some educators use the level A test to assess preschoolers, even though three-year-olds and four year olds require only 40 of the 60 test questions. For five-year-olds, all 60 test questions are given. A child’s age is a very important factor when it comes to scoring as OLSAT scores are measured against peers in age groups of 3-month bands. Children born October 1st through January 1st are compared with other children taking the OLSAT within the same age range.
Here is a summary of each level of the OSLAT test:
OLSAT Level A (Pre-K):
Level A of the OLSAT is designed for children who are in Pre-K or 4-year-olds entering Kindergarten. The test consists of 40 questions and covers two main areas: Verbal and Nonverbal Reasoning. The Verbal section evaluates a student’s vocabulary, comprehension, and verbal memory, while the Nonverbal section assesses a student’s ability to analyze patterns, relationships, and solve problems using spatial and abstract reasoning skills. Sample question types for Level A include following directions, aural reasoning, arithmetic reasoning, and picture-based analogies.
OLSAT Level B (Kindergarten):
Level B is designed for children in Kindergarten, usually around 5 years of age. The test contains 60 questions divided into Verbal and Nonverbal Reasoning sections. The Verbal section focuses on listening and verbal comprehension skills, while the Nonverbal section evaluates a student’s problem-solving abilities and spatial reasoning. Sample question types for Level B include aural reasoning, arithmetic reasoning, picture-based analogies, and picture series.
OLSAT Level C (Grade 1):
Level C is designed for students in Grade 1, typically 6-year-olds. The test consists of 60 questions, evenly split between the Verbal and Nonverbal Reasoning sections. The Verbal section assesses a student’s listening, comprehension, and verbal reasoning skills, while the Nonverbal section evaluates their ability to solve problems using abstract and spatial reasoning. Sample question types for Level C include sentence completion, arithmetic reasoning, picture-based analogies, and figure series.
OLSAT Level D (Grade 2-3):
Level D is designed for students in Grades 2 and 3, typically aged 7 to 9 years. The test comprises 64 questions, divided equally between Verbal and Nonverbal Reasoning sections. The Verbal section measures a student’s verbal comprehension, vocabulary, and verbal reasoning skills, while the Nonverbal section assesses their abstract reasoning and spatial problem-solving abilities. Sample question types for Level D include sentence completion, arithmetic reasoning, verbal analogies, and figure classification.
OLSAT Level E (Grade 4-5):
Level E is designed for students in Grades 4 and 5, typically aged 9 to 11 years. The test consists of 72 questions, evenly split between Verbal and Nonverbal Reasoning sections. The Verbal section evaluates a student’s language comprehension, verbal reasoning, and vocabulary skills, while the Nonverbal section assesses their abstract reasoning and spatial problem-solving abilities. Sample question types for Level E include sentence completion, arithmetic reasoning, verbal analogies, and figure series.
OLSAT Level F (Grade 6-8):
Level F is designed for students in Grades 6 to 8, typically aged 11 to 14 years. The test comprises 72 questions, divided equally between Verbal and Nonverbal Reasoning sections. The Verbal section measures a student’s language comprehension, verbal reasoning, and vocabulary skills, while the Nonverbal section evaluates their abstract reasoning and spatial problem-solving abilities. Sample question types for Level F include sentence completion, arithmetic reasoning, verbal analogies, and figure classification.
OLSAT Level G (Grade 9-12):
Level G is designed for students in the seventh and eighth grades, as well as high school students. It consists of 72 questions, with an equal number of verbal and nonverbal items. Verbal questions cover areas such as arithmetic reasoning, verbal analogies, and logical selection. Nonverbal questions assess areas like figure classification, figure analogies, and figure series.
OLSAT test prep for your child’s OLSAT level
OLSAT test prep begins with familiarizing your child with the test-taking process. It is also important to have your child work with OLSAT practice questions that are similar to what they would encounter during the test. Sample questions for each OLSAT level can be found below.
- OLSAT Kindergarten Practice Questions (Level A)
- OLSAT 1st Grade Practice Questions (Level B)
- OLSAT 2nd Grade Practice Questions (Level C)
- OLSAT 3rd Grade Practice Questions (Level D)
- OLSAT 4th – 5th Grade Practice Questions (Level E)
- OLSAT 6th – 8th Grade Practice Questions (Level F)
To get answers to the most common questions we receive from parents, check out our OLSAT Parent FAQ.
As a TestingMom.com member, you’ll get access to hundreds of practice questions specifically designed for your child’s OLSAT level.
Plus, you’ll get access to all levels of OLSAT practice questions with your membership, over +7,900! Your child can practice up a level to build advanced skills—or practice down a level to strengthen any challenge areas.
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Format of the OLSAT Test
Between testing and administration, it takes 50-60 minutes for a student to complete the test. It may take a little longer when the teacher reads questions to students at the lower levels.
For younger children (like preschoolers, kindergartners, and first graders) the test is often presented in a one-on-one setting while older children typically take the OLSAT in a group setting. The test itself is given in black and white, but many of TestingMom.com’s OLSAT practice questions are shown in color to make the test preparation process more interesting and fun for children.
TestingMom.com Pro-tip: Incorrect answers are not penalized on the OLSAT test, so guessing on questions on the OLSAT test will not hurt a student’s score. Guessing incorrectly will yield the same score as leaving the question blank. The OLSAT test is structured so that difficult questions are immediately followed by easier ones and vice-a-versa. This prevents students from being discouraged by tough OLSAT test questions towards the end of test sections. The total score of the OLSAT test is called the School Ability Index (SAI) and is comprised of a verbal and nonverbal score.
Verbal and Nonverbal Skills Assessed by the OLSAT Test
The OLSAT assesses 7 different nonverbal and verbal skills. Below is a comprehensive list of question types and skills that your child may encounter, however not every type of questions or skill is given to every grade or level.
- Verbal Comprehension – Following directions, identifying antonyms, sentence arrangement & completion.
- Verbal Reasoning – Logical selection, verbal analogies, verbal classification, and inferences.
- Pictorial Reasoning – Picture classification, picture analogies, and picture series.
- Figural Reasoning – Figural classification, figural analogies, and figure series.
- Quantitative Reasoning – Number series, numeric inference, and number matrices.
The OLSAT includes sections such as:
- Detecting similarities and differences
- Recalling words and numbers
- Defining words
- Following directions
- Establishing sequence
- Solving arithmetic problems
- Completing analogies
The intent of the OLSAT is to assess thinking skills and provide an understanding of a student’s relative strengths and weaknesses in performing a variety of reasoning tasks. The test is designed to get a measure of your child’s ability level. It’s important for parents to practice OLSAT test prep questions if the child has never been exposed to the concepts on the OLSAT. The chart below shows the different skills assessed by grade level:
|Kinder (A)||1st (B)||2nd (C)||3rd (D)||4th – 5th (E)||6th – 8th (F)||9th – 12th (G)|
|Word/ Letter Matrix||✓||✓||✓||✓|
Where is the OLSAT given?
The OLSAT is given across the United States with metropolitan areas having the highest concentration of parents looking to prepare their children for the test. It is very commonly used in California’s GATE programs. New York City and many other metropolitan areas in the northeast and southeast United States also administer the OLSAT for gifted program admission.
Tips for Solving OLSAT Analogy Questions
The pictures in the first part of the row are related in a particular way. In the next part of the row, find the one picture that belongs in the empty box.
On top, the 2nd picture is a combination of the bottom and middle shapes in the first picture, and the 3rd picture is a combination of the middle and top shapes in the first picture. So on the bottom, the middle and top shapes combined in the same way would be the 1st answer choice.
- To solve this, think of a rule that describes the relationship between the 3 items on top.
- Apply that rule to the missing figure on the bottom.
- Test the rule with each answer choice. If you choose it, will the items on top be related to each other in the same way as the items on the bottom?
- If more than one choice fits the rule, then look for a more precise and specific rule that describes the relationship between items on top.
As figural analogies become harder, tell your child that there will be more than one type of change within a given figure matrix analogy puzzle.
Here are the most common types:
a. figures remain the same
b. figures change shade or color
c. pieces are added to or removed from the figure
d. figures change in size
e. figures move or rotate
f. figures become mirror images of each other
g. figures figures divide in half or double
How is the OLSAT Scored?
The OLSAT test uses a Total Age-Based Percentile Score to measure a child’s performance on the test. This score is calculated by assessing how many questions a student answered correctly and then weighing that score against other students of the same age. A child who is 6 months younger than another student will only be assessed against other students his or her age. Once this calculation has been done, a student’s test results will report a percentile ranking of how they did on a scale of 0-100% against all the other students in their age group. Each student will receive Age-based and Grade-based percentile rankings for the entire test as well as sub test rankings in both verbal and non-verbal question types.
Tips for Solving OLSAT Classification Questions
1. These are similar to analogy questions, except that you should think of the reason why the items on top belong together in one group. What is the same about all of them that they belong together as a unit?
2. Test that reasoning (above in #1) with each answer choice – if you choose it, will all 4 items belong together in a group for the reason you identified?
3. If more than 1 item or if no item fits with the items on top for the reason you identified, look at the items on top again and re-think why they belong together in a group.
Other tips for OLSAT test prep
1. Listen. For Sentence Completion questions, where the teacher will read the question prompt, remind your child to listen carefully- the question cannot be read twice.
2. Look at every answer choice. Consider every answer choice one at a time; then pick the best one. Sometimes, more than one answer will seem right. Other times, no answer seems ideal. Pick the best answer of the possibilities offered.
3. Always guess. If you aren’t sure, eliminate answers that are definitely wrong and then take your best guess. There is no penalty for guessing.
4. Practice filling in bubbles (for children K and above. Pre-K only need to point to answer). Be sure to practice filling in bubbles completely and using the bubble sheet. Clarity is key.
For even more test-taking tips—plus parent resources to help you understand the OLSAT testing process—join TestingMom.com. You’ll also get access to our Parent Success Team, who are standing by to answer your questions about prepping your child to score higher on the OLSAT.
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Looking for more resources to help your child approach the OLSAT with confidence? TestingMom.com can help with:
- Hundreds of OLSAT practice questions for every grade level that cover all 21 question types.
- A customizable program based on your child’s grade level and upcoming tests, so you can target your child’s prep for maximum improvement.
- Interactive practice with 30+ games from top educational publishers to strengthen your child’s overall skills like math, language arts, science, social studies and more.
- A Parent Success Team to help you if you need a little advice or if you get stuck.
- Over 100,000 practice questions for the most popular tests for Pre-K to 8th Grade, including gifted and talented, private school admissions, state tests and more—all for one low price.
- Parent resources to help you easily navigate your child’s testing process.
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Tell us about your experiences
My child will be taking the OLSAT for entrance into 9th grade. Will that be OLSAT level F or G? I asked the school, and they said that they do not release that information.
is Level E testing for current 4th and 5th student and entering 5th and 6th grade?
Yes, OLSAT Level E would be given for entering the following grade. If in 4th grade, it will be given for entering 5th grade program. If in 5th grade, it will be for entering 6th grade.
My son is going to grad 4. I would like to buy a book(Question and answer) to prepare him for OLSAT exam.
can you recommend one.
My son is going to grad 4. I would like to buy a book(Question and answer) to prepare him for OLSAT exam.
can you recommend one.
My daughter is going to grad 4. I would like to buy a book(Question and answer) to prepare him for OLSAT exam.
can you recommend one.
Hi Perry! First, I would recommend a membership to TestingMom.com. We offer an extensive collection of practice questions and answers for the OLSAT test for all grades from Pre-K through the 8th! In addition, we have interactive games and questions to use in order to prepare for the OLSAT.
If you are still looking for a book after that, we do offer OLSAT workbooks through our TestingMom.com Store.
Is there only 1 OLSAT practice test once you join the membership? I can’t seem to access any more practice tests for my son, other than just the 1 OLSAT test. Am I missing something? Help! 🙂
Hi Susan – make sure you are logged into the web site (upper right). After that, select OLSAT test in “My Program” area. That will have the entire collection of practice questions for the OLSAT. If you still have issues, please call us at 877-609-6203. We’re answering our phones until 11pm ET tonight.
Is there any other questions besides the 100 practice questions for non-members?
For the students to entrance into 9th grade, which level (OLSAT Level F or G) should we take?
If your student is currently in 8th grade, then use Level F! If they do okay on practice materials for level F, you can also practice with Level G.
is OLSAT testing the IQ testing for the gifted and talented testing in Austin area.
i want to learn this kind of test because im taking the olsat entrance into college level .
My child is entering 3rd grade in September 2018, the school administers OLSAT in the summer before (August 2018), would it be appropriate to review Level C or Level D materials?
Hi there – It would really be up to the school if your child will receive level c or d. I would recommend working with the practice questions for both level c and d to have your child ready for any of the levels that he or she will receive on the day of her test.
My daughter missed taking the Gate test at the end of third grade. I just found out after she enter fifth grade, then I requested the school. So, the school allowed my child to take the OLSAT in April two month before ending fifth grade. My question is, can i request school to let her re-take the gate test after she get into Six grade? If so, which OLSAT level should i buy to let my kid practice? She is going to be in Six grade in this fall 2018. Should i buy only OLSAT or both OLSAT and CogAT?
Hi Amy – please email us at help
testingmom.com for us to help you out with your questions!
How to I obtain the book or can it be downloaded?
I already take this kind of test… SKL
Is it free log in?
Our test prep is not free, but you can select how often you would like to be billed. We offer monthly, quarterly or yearly memberships to our website!
Where can I access the OLSAT Level G practice questions?
Unfortunately, our materials only cover up to the Level F OLSAT.
I love to learn a lot about OLSAT test. It can help me for my college entrance examination. Thank you!
Are students for level C allowed to write in the test booklet? Can they work out problems or cross off answers as they go?
Hi my sister was tested for OLSAT today. How long does it take to answer a Level G test? They were given 80 questions that needs to be answered within 15mins. It was the first time I saw that many questions for a very short time limit and I’m curious.
I have not received the 100 free practice questions.
Please send to me, firstname.lastname@example.org
Hi Julie –
I just emailed you information about the 100 free questions.
All the best,
I want to study for the upcoming examination for the school that i am planning to ger in. I need questionnaire. Thank you
As you know, The OLSAT (Otis-Lennon School Ability Test) is a standardized test used to assess a student’s cognitive abilities and potential. The test is often administered to students in grades K-12 as part of gifted and talented programs, admissions processes, and other educational placements.
We have thousands of practice questions for the OLSAT test. We also provide one-to-one tutoring and small group classes if your child wants live instruction.
Here are some general tips to help your child prepare for the OLSAT:
Familiarize your child with the test format: The OLSAT consists of several different types of questions, including verbal and nonverbal items.
Encourage your child to work at their own pace: The OLSAT is a timed test, but it’s important for your child to work at a pace that is comfortable for them. Encourage your child to take their time and not rush through questions.
Help your child develop problem-solving skills: The OLSAT assesses a student’s ability to reason, analyze, and solve problems. Encourage your child to practice critical thinking skills in everyday situations.
Practice positive reinforcement: Encourage your child to do their best and celebrate their efforts, regardless of the test results. Positive reinforcement can help build confidence and reduce test anxiety.
Keep us posted on how your child does on the upcoming OLSAT test!